Electricity Access Rate

The National Electrification Scheme (NES) was instituted in 1989 with the policy objective of ensuring that all parts of the country are provided with reliable electricity supply by 2020. At the commencement of the NES in 1990, accessibility to electricity supply was estimated at about 20%. Ghana has since achieved an enviable record of having the highest electricity access rate in Sub-Saharan Africa. The national average access rate is currently at 87%. The target was to attain universal access by 2020, however this goal was pushed back to the year 2025.

  • Current Access Rate: 87%
  • Rural: 72.9%
  • Urban: 100%
  • Households without access to electricity: more than 1.3 million
  • Target: Universal Access by 2025
REGION TOTAL %
UPPER WEST 78
UPPER EAST 63
NORTH EAST 62.9
SAVANNAH 55.4
NORTHERN 70.6
BONO 92.1
BONO EAST 76.7
OTI 70.4
AHAFO 80.9
ASHANTI 91.8
EASTERN 82.4
VOLTA 89.2
WESTERN NORTH 77
WESTERN 90.8
CENTRAL 90
GREATER ACCRA 97

Grid Electricity Customer Population

In Ghana the grid customer population is predominately residential. For the year 2021 around 86% of the total customers belonged to the residential category. Still, in terms of final electricity consumption the non-residential sector is bigger, making up around 53% and in the year 2022. In comparison, in the United States of America the non-residential sector took up around 61%.

Electricity Access Rate (%)

The target was for Ghana to reach universal access by 2020 for all areas in the country. Whereas by 2017 in the urban area 100% access has been attained the metro and rural areas still lag behind. As a result the overall access rate in 2020 was 85.33% instead of the targeted 100%. That is why in 2019 the goal of universal access was pushed back by five years and is now set for 2025.